Each study reported significantly positive outcomes postparticipation.
Interpersonal therapy: One study used a phone-based intervention to deliver interpersonal counseling to patients with breast cancer and their spouse caregivers over a six-week period.
Highly specific content approaches such as mindfulness-based stress reduction and cognitive behavioral approaches are identified in these resources as separate interventions, rather than incorporated into overall psychoeducation.
Significant improvements in depression and anxiety in both parties were reported.
Complementary and alternative medicine interventions: Two studies examined the impact of complementary and alternative medicine therapies.
Results were generally qualitative, but in those studies where outcomes related to psychological correlates of caregiver burden were measured, one study found improvements by ICs in perceived support and knowledge, and other studies found no significant changes.
Family/couples therapy: Eleven studies focused on interventions to improve communication and psychological functioning of the “couple/family” unit.