It is a leading member state of the European Union and the Eurozone.
Around 125 BC, the south of Gaul was conquered by the Romans, who called this region Provincia Nostra ("Our Province"), which over time evolved into the name Provence in French.
Rome annexed the area in 51 BC, holding it until the arrival of Germanic Franks in 476, who formed the Kingdom of France.
France emerged as a major European power in the Late Middle Ages following its victory in the Hundred Years' War (1337 to 1453).
It hosts Europe's third-largest number of cultural UNESCO World Heritage Sites and leads the world in tourism, receiving around 83 million foreign visitors annually.
being one of the five permanent members of the United Nations Security Council with the power to veto and is an official nuclear-weapon state.