We are far from a world in which all births result from intended pregnancies.
Surveys show that approximately 40% of pregnancies are unintended in developing countries, and 47% in developed ones.
This holistic view has helped slow the increase in world population.
The average family has declined from six children in 1960 to around three today.
The benefits of modern contraceptives to women's health, including non-contraceptive benefits of specific methods, outweigh the risks.
When people feel threatened by a hand-to-mouth existence, they are more likely to look towards less-than democratic ways to reduce population, especially if they have the foresight to realize that population growth is like a run-away train, very difficult to slow and stop.
However, more and more evidence is showing that the methods that work the best towards reducing population growth, are the methods established by the principles of the Cairo Conference in 1994 (United Nations International Conference on Population and Development (ICPD) September 1994, Cairo, Egypt), which include: a.
The world's population is expected to grow by 39% over the next 45 years and births in the 50 poorest nations are estimated to rise by 228%.
Education and improved health for women and access to contraception are vital.