The Selle enters from the northwest of Amiens, with two arms (including the Haute Selle) passing behind the Unicorn Stadium, the exhibition park, the megacity and horse racing track, then passing the end of the Promenade de la Hotoie and the zoo of Amiens, and to the right of the water treatment plant, in front of the island Sainte-Aragone, opposite the cemetery of La Madeleine in Amiens.
The city developed in a natural narrowing of the river at the level of the hortillonnages, due to the advance of the rim of the Picard plateau in Saint-Pierre (ford crossing).
During December, the town hosts the largest Christmas market in northern France.
Amiens is known for a few local foods, including "macarons d'Amiens", almond paste biscuits; "tuiles amienoises", chocolate and orange curved biscuits; "pâté de canard d'Amiens", duck pâté in pastry; "la ficelle Picarde", an oven-baked cheese-topped crêpe; and "flamiche aux poireaux", a puff pastry tart made with leeks and cream.
Much of Picardy became the newly created department of Somme with Amiens as the departmental capital.
During the industrial revolution, the city walls were demolished, opening up space for large boulevards around the town centre.
The city was rebuilt according to Pierre Dufau's plans with a focus on widening the streets to ease traffic congestion.
These newer structures were primarily built of brick, concrete and white stone with slate roofs.
In 1848, the first railway arrived in Amiens, linking the city to Boulogne-sur-Mer.The first known settlement at this location was Samarobriva ("Somme bridge"), the central settlement of the Ambiani, one of the principal tribes of Gaul. In 1113, the city was recognized by King Louis VI of France and joined to the Crown of France in 1185.The town was given the name Ambianum by the Romans, meaning settlement of the Ambiani people. In 1597, Spanish soldiers held the city during the six-month Siege of Amiens, before Henry IV regained control.) is a city and commune in northern France, 120 km (75 mi) north of Paris and 100 km (62 mi) south-west of Lille.It is the capital of the Somme department in Hauts-de-France.